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Virtual Tour

Kreismuseum Wewelsburg

Burgwall 19
D-33142 Büren-Wewelsburg
Tel.: 0049-(0) 2955/ 7622-0
Fax: 0049-(0) 2955/ 7622-22
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Virtual Tour

Topics 1 and 2: A thematic and chronological introduction

The exhibition “Ideology and Terror of the SS” is opened by two segements, located in the former gymnasium and fencing hall of the SS, with an overview of 1941, what is considered the key year of Wewelsburg’s Nazi occupation. Included is also a chronological overview of the general progression of the SS along with the events of the town of Wewelsburg from 1923 until modern day.


Topic 3: Social structure and organization of the SS

The SS is illustrated in its complexity and uncontrollable dynamic by dealing with biographies, organizational charts and structural representations: Who were the main characters? What position did they hold? How was the SS structured? How did it become one of the most powerful organizations in the Third Reich?


Topic 4: World View – Mentality – Crimes

Here the exhibition approaches the complete ideological and mental foundations of the SS. The complex dimensions of racism, political elitism and the persecution of those outside of the SS system are always understood as interrelated. It´s not possible to separate SS´s world view from its criminal and murderous consequences.


Topic 5: The North Tower

The North tour contains both the Crypt and the “Obergruppenführersaal” which have stayed how the Nazis left them in 1945, incomplete. There are no records that explain what the two rooms exactly were intended for. Two central points in the SS presence in Wewelsburg become apparent: the architecture SS megalomania and the terror against the KZ prisoners, who were forced to construct the intended center. After 1945 the rooms became also the topic of the Nazi glossing over, problematic, strange or frivolous interpretations.


Topic 6: The concentration camp in Wewelsburg

The way the Nazi concentration camps functioned is exemplified by the development of the concentration camp in Wewelsburg and the story of local prisoners. The evolution and organization of the concentration camps form the criminal perspective of the SS camp system while at the same time the experiences of the prisoners are examined. The history of the last phase of the Nazi concentration camps also reflects the national SS story.


Topic 7: The debate about the memory

Wewelsburg´s and German post-war society´s handling with the history is the focus of this unit. It deals with self perceptions of SS men since 1945 as well as focuses on the former prisoners in the concentration camps. By analyzing the juridical and commemorative workup of SS-Terror in Germany, the exhibition deals with the question which socially structures, ambitions and world views can transform ordinary men and women into perpetrators and victims and what kind of conclusions can be made on this basis for everyone´s life in today´s world.

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